Bipin Chandra Pal
(7.11.1858 – 20.05.1932), was a teacher, journalist, orator, writer and librarian, he was a famous Nationalist leader at Bengal and a disciple of Yogi Bejoi Gosvami. He was considered by Sri Aurobindo at one time to be “the best and most original political thinker in the country, an excellent writer and magnificent orator”. He was one of the prominent leaders of the new nationalist movement in Bengal, belonging to the militant extremist section of the Congress and working in cooperation with Tilak, Lajpat Rai, and Sri Aurobindo. He took a leading part in organising the movement against the partition of Bengal in 1905, and popularized the concepts of Swadeshi and Swaraj. For refusing to give evidence in the prosecution of Bande Mataram, he was sentenced to six months’ imprisonment (11 September 1907). Bepin Pal was also a journalist, and editor of The Independent.